EMS Mnemonics (memory device)

EMS123

Forum Crew Member
67
14
0
SAMPLE
Signs/ Symptoms
Allergies
Medications
Pertinent Medical History
Last intake
Events leading up to …..

SOAP
Subjective
Objective
Assessment
Plan

DCAP-BTLS
Deformities
Contusions
Abrasions
Punctures
Burns
Tenderness
Lacerations
Swelling

OPQRST
Onset
Provoke
Quality
Region/Radiate
Severity
Time

AVPU
Alert
Voice (responds to)
Pain (responds to)
Unresponsive

There are a lot more out there lets see how many we can get.. ^_^
 

medic417

The Truth Provider
5,104
3
38
How about search as multiple threads already on here.
 

JPINFV

Gadfly
12,681
192
63
Community Acquired Pneumonia treatment: CURB-65

Confusion
Uremia
Resp > 30
BP<90
Age >65

Higher score, higher mortality rate.
0-1: outpatient tx
2: Regular inpatient
3+: ICU.

Cranial nerves:

Oh, Oh, Oh, To Touch And Feel Virgin Girls V. And H.

Olfactory, optic, oculomotor, trochlear, trigeminal, abducens, facial, vestibulococcular, glossophargeal, vagus, accessory, hypoglossal.
 

DesertMedic66

Forum Troll
10,045
2,461
113
Cranial nerves:

Oh, Oh, Oh, To Touch And Feel Virgin Girls V. And H.

Olfactory, optic, oculomotor, trochlear, trigeminal, abducens, facial, vestibulococcular, glossophargeal, vagus, accessory, hypoglossal.
To remember the type of nerve they are S=Sensory M=Motor B=Both

SSMMBMBSBBMM

Some Say Marry Money But My Brother Says Big Boobs Matter Most
 

Aprz

Forum Deputy Chief
2,412
307
83
I'll contribute some.

OLD CARTS alternative to OPQRST for assessing pain (from Bates' Guide to Physical Examination and History Taking)
Onset
Location
Duration
Character
Alleviating/Aggravating factors
Radiation
Time
Severity

There are a million different ones for assessing pain though. I may add them later.

AEIOUTIPS simple list of differential for altered mental status.
Alcohol/Arrythmia
Epilepsy/Environment
Insulin
Overdose
Underdose/Uremia
Trauma
Infection
Psychosis/Poison
Shock/Stroke/Seizure

Lead placements: White to the right, smoke over fire (, clouds over grass).

VOMIT
Vital signs
Oxygen
Monitory
IV
Transport/Treatment

FASTT recognizing a stroke.
Facial droop
Arms (pronator drift)
Speech (aphasia)
Time
Transport

ENAMES sizing up the scene.
Environment (scene safety)
Number of patients
Additional resources
Mechanism of injry
Extrication needs
Spinal percautions

LCES arrangment and plan if something should compromise your safety.
Lookout
Communicate
Escape route
Safety zone

RATT early signs of hypoxia
Restless
Anxious
Tachycardia
Tachypnea

ABCDEFGHI respiratory assessment (read this off paramedicine.com awhile back)
Accessory muscle use
Breath sounds
Complexion
Dyspnea
Extension (tripod position, which I think is really flexsion *shrug*)
Finger (pulse extremity)
Gas (capnography)
Heart rate
Inspiratory-expiratory ratio

I have work, but unfortunately I must go to work.
 
Last edited by a moderator:

Aprz

Forum Deputy Chief
2,412
307
83
Forgot to mention BED for late signs of hypoxia.
Bradycardia
Excessive restlessness
Dyspnea (lol).

SLUDGE/M for organophosphate poisoning.
Salivation
Lacrimation
Urination
Diarrhea
GI cramp
Emesis
Miosis/Muscle spasms

DUMBELS altnernative to SLUDGE/M.
Diarrhea/Diaphoresis
Urination
Miosis/muscle spasms
Bradycardia
Emesis
Lacrimation
Salivation

ABCDEFGHI for vomiting.
Acute renal failure
Brain (ICP, stroke)
Cardiac
DKA/Diabetes
Ears
Foreign substances
Glaucoma (sub acute closed angle?)
Hyperemesis gravidum
Infection/Inflammation

VOMIT alternative to ABCDEFGHI for vomit.
Vestibular
Occlusion of GI
Mind/DysMotility
Infection/Inflammation
Toxin

For the KED, I've heard of two different mnemonics that are different ordering, but helps you remember a seasaw method to putting the straps on (similar to changing a (spare) tire of your car.

My baby looks hot tonight.
Middle bottom legs head top.

My baby looks totally hot.
Middle bottom legs top head.

Since you guys mentioned some anatomy ones too...

Students like their professors to teach complex hypothesis.
Scaphoid Lunate Triquetrum Pisiform Trapezium Trapezoid Capitate Hamate

For carpal bones, in the anatomical position, superior to inferior, lateral to medial.

Talus common name can cause constant confusion.
Talus Calcaneous navicular cuboid and the three cuneiform bones in the feet (medial, intermediate, lateral).

For the tarsal bones of the feet, in the anatomical position, superior to inferior, posterior to anterior, medial to lateral.

Never let monkeys eat bananas.
Neutrophil leukocyte monocyte eosinophil basinophil

Different types of white blood cells.

Recently learned (a couple of months ago) for the chest

VAN

Vein
Artery
Nerve

Which is the ordering in the intercostal space. That's from superior to inferior. Then inferior and in reverse order is the collateral branch.

I think after so much acronyms, it just becomes easier straight up remembering things without the acronym, and the acronyms/mnemonics become a drag, lol. There are other useless ones I remember too like

PODD
Provoke
Onset
Duration
Description

For asking questions about AMS. :\ It's in Chabot College skill sheet.

PASTMED alternative to PASTE, seems to be combined with SAMPLE, that was taught also at Chabot College.
Provoke/Palliating
Associated chest pain (should really be sign and symptoms in my opinion)
Sputum
Time/Tired/Talk
Medications
Exercise tolerance
Diagnosis (history)

When I was first in EMT school, and I decided to learn some medications, I realized that anything with -lol was hypertension medications (really beta-blockers like metoprolol and atenolol) so I thought to myself that if it's ends with a laugh out loud, it's hypertension medication. Of course, there are other ones lke -pril (ACE inhibitors). It was just something I thought up of in EMT school.

There can be a lot of variations to these mnemonics and they become really redundant. Right now, I just remember lists instead and start listing them off and counting down how much more I got to go, or do whatever I feel like and hope that what I've learn will guide me. Sometimes I just remember the first letter of everything even if it doesn't make any meaningful work or mnemonic. It's surprising how well we can fill in the gap.
 
Last edited by a moderator:

DesertMedic66

Forum Troll
10,045
2,461
113
I love that for the KED there are soo many different orders of putting it on. For instance my class and what I teach is:
Boy My Tired Legs Have Cramps.
Bottom, Middle, Top, Legs, Head, Chin.
 

Aprz

Forum Deputy Chief
2,412
307
83
People don't even realize that ordering isn't important as long as it is a seasaw/change your car tire ordering so it's about equal from superior to inferior. People get real butt hurt when you tell them differently. Even for questions/assessing, they get mad if you don't ask OPQRST in order, or ask all the questions from OPQRST, lol. I like to screw with them in testing situations and use OLD CARTS.
 
Last edited by a moderator:

DesertMedic66

Forum Troll
10,045
2,461
113
People don't even realize that ordering isn't important as long as it is a seasaw/change your car tire ordering so it's about equal from superior to inferior. People get real butt hurt when you tell them differently. Even for questions/assessing, they get mad if you don't ask OPQRST in order, or ask all the questions from OPQRST, lol. I like to screw with them in testing situations and use OLD CARTS.
I always love when we have patient with a stab wound for the class to treat. They always run through OPQRST and we add on an I at the end.
O=well I kinda got stabbed. P=well it just hurts. Q=it's a stabbing pain. R=well it hurts where the knife is/was hahaha
 

medichopeful

NRP, ICU RN, CCRN, CEN
1,788
179
63
Cranial nerves:

Oh, Oh, Oh, To Touch And Feel Virgin Girls V. And H.

Olfactory, optic, oculomotor, trochlear, trigeminal, abducens, facial, vestibulococcular, glossophargeal, vagus, accessory, hypoglossal.
I also like "Oh oh oh to touch and feel a girls very soft hands"

Olfactory, optic, oculomotor, trochlear, trigeminal, abducens, facial, auditory, glossopharyngeal, vagus, spinal, hypologlossal
 

medichopeful

NRP, ICU RN, CCRN, CEN
1,788
179
63
Students like their professors to teach complex hypothesis.
Scaphoid Lunate Triquetrum Pisiform Trapezium Trapezoid Capitate Hamate
Some Lovers Try Positions That They Can't Handle :rofl::p
 

ffemt8978

Forum Vice-Principal
Community Leader
8,953
44
48
Now that I've removed several off-topic posts from this thread, it may continue. If I have to remove any more, somebody is getting a forum vacation.
 

emt6207

Forum Probie
21
3
0
Its somewhat inappropriate but the best one I had from one of our volunteer instructors that assisted with our class was for remembering the order of strapping a pt to a 4 strap backboard, NNNN.

Nipples,
Nuts,
kNees,
Noggin

Surprisingly no one managed to forget that one or the order.
 

medic417

The Truth Provider
5,104
3
38
Now that I've removed several off-topic posts from this thread, it may continue. If I have to remove any more, somebody is getting a forum vacation.
Thanks for the help. This might be one of the topics that needs to be added to a sticky as there are so many discussions with it.

Oh well nice MOVE STUPID. A mnemonic for altered mental status
M metabolic
O oxygen
V vascular
E endocrine
S seizures
T trauma
U uremia
P psychiatric
I infectious
D drugs
 
Top